What is artificial intelligence?Md Emon
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a type of simulation, which thinks something like a human and solves complex problems. The simulation or machine is programmed to make it so powerful. It is a type of software technology that makes computers think and act like humans. For example, understanding someone, making decisions, recognizing by looking, etc. Artificial intelligence is currently a technology dedicated to customer service.
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Types of artificial intelligence
Narrow AI: This intelligence can only work on specific topics. We are currently using this intelligence.
Artificial General Intelligence: When a machine or computer can work as a human, it will be called Strong AI.
Super Intelligence: It is an intelligence that will surpass even the most talented people.
According to some experts, the device will be able to provide better service to people in most cases due to artificial intelligence. They will do a lot of human work. Today’s generation is using AI technology-based Google Assistant or Siri on their smartphones. If you want to chat, you don’t have to bother typing anymore. As soon as he says it in his mouth, the assistant is putting it into writing. Calling a friend by name, the phone is connecting with him. If you ask Alexa to sing, she will sing, too.
Uses of artificial intelligence
Smart cars and drones: AI has made the dream of the automatic and driverless car a reality. In that case, the US car manufacturer Tesla has set an example. This AI-dependent vehicle understands how, when to apply the brakes, how to change the road lanes, and how to avoid accidents. He can also use his intellect to drive and use the map. There are currently more than 50,000 Tesla cars in the United States. Multinational companies such as Amazon and Walmart are using drones to deliver their products faster to customers. Similarly, the UK’s DFT has launched an automated truck service for freight.
Social media: Even if we use social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or share chat, we don’t understand how one update after another is coming to us! Whether it’s looking for someone you know or suggesting friends. Like something, if you share it, another related thing appears in an instant. Everything is happening soon due to the artificial talent of the customer. AI technology continues to send ‘customized’ (individual-specific) updates by understanding our likes and dislikes, needs, interactions, etc.
Music & Media: When someone uses Spotify, Netflix, or YouTube, AI makes the whole decision for the customer. If one thinks that he is controlling the issue or the whole media is under his control, it is wrong. Because, when listening to a song or looking for an artist, the ‘related’ or ‘suggested’ song or artist moves. Similarly, the use of AI in today’s advanced video games like Pubji, CS Go, or Fortnite is successful.
Online Advertising: One of the major customers of AI technology is the online advertising sector. In this case, AI not only searches the information by keeping an eye on the people searching the internet but also judges the likes and dislikes of the customers and presents advertisements in front of them accordingly. As a result, the global online advertising business has exceeded 25 trillion.
Navigation and Travel: The entire map is powered by AI technology. When we book a cab using a map from Google, Apple, or another company, the AI collects information from various places and informs us about traffic congestion or fares at that time.
Smart Home Devices: AI is widely used in everyday smart home devices. Understanding our usage, likes, and dislikes, the technology itself is changing the settings of the respective device and is going to provide uninterrupted benefits to the customers. In this context, Google’s voice assistant, smart TV, smart refrigerator, smart AC; smart microwave can be mentioned earlier.
Security and surveillance: At the moment, the most artificial intelligence is being used in this case. Let’s leave the drone. It is not possible for humans without AI to analyze millions of data at a given time from thousands of cameras mounted at different points for surveillance. Technologies like AI-based object recognition or face recognition are evolving every day.
The uses of artificial intelligence are also seen in various fields including business management, bank services.
Disadvantages of artificial intelligence
Rising unemployment: Unemployment will increase if the use of artificial intelligence increases. If a large number of artificial intelligence devices are used in factories, banks, etc., 40-60 crore people worldwide will lose their jobs by 2030 and about 307.5 million people would choose other jobs.
Increasing cost: The cost of artificial intelligence can increase. It will cost a lot to install this equipment in banks, ATM booths, factories, hospitals, etc. Also, the maintenance cost will be much higher. Again the program software may need to be changed frequently.
Decreasing creativity and experience: Artificial intelligence will reduce human creativity. Because then people will become machine-dependent without thinking. Usually, people gain experience by doing something and later they can do it better. But the artificial intelligence machine is not able to do that. It can work according to what is installed in its internal software.
Construction of dangerous weapons: It is thought that this device will be able to build dangerous weapons on its own when its sensations are inserted. Then he can rule and exploit mankind with that weapon. It can also be the cause of the destruction of mankind.
Artificial intelligence will also give rise to many more problems, which can lead to the destruction of human civilization.
Indeed, the foundation of knowledge has always been in the hands of man and man has managed it and will continue to do so. At the same time, it should be kept in mind that the birth of artificial intelligence is in the womb of basic human intelligence. And artificial intelligence will become much more of a threat to us if we are not more aware of the use of research on artificial intelligence.
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